I know at my institution we are vigorously prodded, as soon as we arrive, to secure "external funding" for our research. And in the humanities, particularly, we are sometimes skeptical: I myself have asked, "What the hell do I need $50,000 for? I read books and then write articles about them, in my pajamas." But external funding must be sought, for the good of the institution and its reputation. We are also told it is for the good of our students: a SSHRC-funded RA goes for about $15,000 a year, good money and at the disposal of the funding department, amazing! Funding for grad students is often the biggest line item in a humanities SSHRC. 78% of my own SSHRC grant, for example, is straight RA funding.
Now, the problem, fairly common if I am to judge from my hallway conversations in institutions near and far, is "What the hell do I do with a grad student?"
No one teaches us this. As a PhD student, your job is to get it all done, all by yourself, bothering as few people as possible, and on a shoestring budget. And now you have staff? Many of us draw on our own experience of being RAs to cobble something together: photocopying? re-typing someone's book? avoiding hallway run-ins for 8 months and just cashing the cheques? SSHRC stipulates that the work a grad student does shouldn't be simply clerical or menial, but if you're in the humanities it can be really hard to imagine what elements of your research you can offload onto an RA.
I have some ideas, having had three RAs over the past four years. (And let me just thank them right now, for their wonderful work and great patience with my figuring all this out: thanks RC, DM, and LB).
Straight up research:
- I have my RAs build Zotero databases of research materials, in my general area. They organize all the citations into categories I leave them free to devise. They create keywords and folders, they attach PDFs where they can, snapshots where they can't. I pay them to learn Zotero, and to consult with librarians about where and how to find sources. I could teach them this, but isn't the point to free up my time? We both win from this: they get research training in bibliographic software, and in advanced library work, and hopefully the subject matter is in their area.
- I have them try to solve specific questions: "I am writing," (I say) "something about the rural/urban digital divide, which I know exists but I need some good, recent sources to back me up." And they find it. So I very rarely now ever go check my own facts while I'm drafting stuff. I'm not making stuff up, I'm just failing to be scrupulously precise while I'm freewriting, and my RAs help me move to the next stage of more careful writing.
- There is sometimes some filing and photocopying. Not much, though. Some physical bringing stuff to and from the library, ordering interlibrary loans, etc.
- I have regular (bi-weekly, usually) meetings with my RAs. We talk about the kinds of tasks involved in scholarly work: journal publication, original research, conference presentation or conference organization, grant applications. By describing as well as modelling the rhythms and processes of scholarship, I hope to demystify them for my RA, as well as get someone to help me.
- My RA reads my grant applications, both to know what our project is about, and to know what a grant application looks like.
- Sometimes, I give my RA an early draft of an article or chapter to read: this both helps them know what kind of research I need them to do, and it shows them that first drafts by professional writers are in fact pretty awful misspelled misbegotten poorly conceived simplistic and half-assed things.
- At these meetings I also encourage my RA to bring to me any questions they have about their own conferences or research process or journal submission.
- I work in an interdisciplinary field: this is great but one side effect is every goddamned journal has a different referencing system. My RA cleans up / regularizes all my in-text citations/footnotes and reference lists. Untold hours are saved by me this way, and the RA learns that details matter as well as how to do all the systems and how each journal usually has its own style rules and how to find them.
- Lately, I've been having my RA be a pair of eyes on my pre-submission work: he or she reads my manuscript and leaves me comments. I explicitly ask to have repetitive phrases flagged, or other quirks pointed out. My RA doesn't change my prose, ever, but does comments in the margins, and then I change stuff.
- Sometimes, my RA helps with the page-proofs stage: I pretty much have my articles memorized by this point in the process and can very easily miss the kinds of simple typos and errors that the proof-reading stage is meant to check for.
- My current RA just helped one of my colleagues with a major conference running here, doing up the program and working the registration desk ... and going to talks and meeting people.
- We're hosting Congress this year, so I imagine there'll be more of that kind of work.
That's pretty much what I've got. Honestly, sometimes I feel like I have to work harder on my research just to generate enough stuff to keep my RA busy, but that's okay. And I really, really like offloading citations, library work, and documents preparation: I always hated that stuff, and now I actually write more because I don't have to do it. I really like getting to know these junior scholars, and collaborating with them: they bring me great stuff, and I hope that some of this work is valuable to them, and that seeing my own scholarship "behind the scenes" is in a way valuable as they become scholars in their own right.
So. It's weird to suddenly have an RA and be a 'boss', but it can be really really helpful to advance the research, and a benefit to the student too.
What do you do with your RA, if you have one? If you were an RA, what did you do? I'd love to hear more about how this arrangement is managed by others.